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Speleo Club du Liban

Country: Lebanon

The oldest caving club in Lebanon. Club history, members, publications, in addition to information about caves in Lebanon, archaeology, geology and more.

1940 - Lionel Ghorra enters the Jiita grotto for the first time. He only enters the first 40m.1946 - First Lebanese caving expedition into Jiita cave, the team crosses the 2000m.1947 -1949-1951- Three caving expeditions within Jiita lead the explorers from the 2000m to the 2800m mark.1951 - The Lebanese Caving Club is founded (Sp eacute;l eacute;o Club du Liban #150; SCL).1953 - 1954 - The terminal siphon of the Jiita underground river is reached at 6200m. It is worth mentioning that the last British-American expedition to the cave reached only 2000m.1953- The first official caving intervention. A sinkhole was discovered in the water retention tunnel within the Nahr el Bered hydraulic station.1953 - SCL takes part in the first international caving meeting in Paris (France).1955 - The tourism commissionership assigns one of the SCL members to develop Jeita cave underground river for tourism purposes.1955 #150; The first issue of #147;Al Watwat #148; ( #147;The Bat #148;, the SCL newsletter) is published.1955 #150; Creation of the SCL Logo.1956 #150; SCL actively takes part in the exploration of the Berger sinkhole in France, which later turned out to be the first sinkhole discovered in the 20th century whose length exceeds 1000 m.1956 - Lebanese President Camille Chamoun inaugurates the tourist section of the Jeita underground river in the presence of SCL members.1957 - The #147;Berger Gouffre #148; team visit Lebanese caves. On that occasion a film under the title #147;Rivi egrave;re sans Etoiles #148; (River without stars) is screened on Monday, August 12 (color movie, awarded at the Cannes Film Festival) under the patronage of Mr. Michel Touma, General Commissioner for Tourism.1957 - Official acknowledgement of the SCL, which was registered since December 1951 (Min. Dec Nr. 90 of 17/1/57).1958 - SCL members discover the #147;Upper Galleries #148; in Jeita Cave.1960 - Topographic surveying of the first 2000m within Jiita (on behalf of the Beirut Water Office).1960 - Water flow measured at 14 points of the river between the entrance and the terminal siphon (for the Beirut Water Office).1960 - Double colouring of the Jiita river, the first at 2700m, the second at 6200m, in order to detect any water loss from the underground river.1960 - Colouring of the underwater river at Naba #146;a el Mghara in order to detect any water loss.1961 - Surveying of Jeita cave up to 4600m (on behalf of the Beirut Water Office).1962 - Surveying completed, until the terminal siphon in Jiita (on behalf of the Beirut Water Office).1962 #150; Exploration of the Fouar Dara sinkhole (-622 m).1962 - Study of the #147;Upper Galeries #148; in order to dig a tunnel for touristic development purposes.1963 - SCL is state-approved as a club for public use (Decree Nr 14262 on 28/11/63).1963 #150; Detailed survey until the terminal siphon in Jiita on behalf of the Beirut Water Office. This operation studied a tunnel which leads to the terminal siphon to eventually develo

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